Maybe the least taught and perhaps the most difficult thing to learn about photographing the landscape is composition. It's really about seeing and understanding the elements of design to express what you want to say with the photograph. Easy to say, harder to to do! So here's a question, what's the difference between 2-D and 3-D and why does it matter? Well the missing D is of course Depth and it matters because this is how we actually see. We see in 3-D, not 2-D so if we're trying to create some of the experience in a photograph of being there then one of the ways to do that is to add the illusion of depth to an otherwise 2-D image in print or on the screen.
There are a number of different ways to add depth to image but let's start with something pretty simple. You can see in the image above that there are lines that draw the eye into to frame and toward the subject. This movement creates a sense of depth. You'll also notice that the pool of water itself is in the shape of a triangle which points toward the subject. Using negative space in the frame is often overlooked.
So, as you're approaching a scene, think about how you can add depth and explore lines and negative space as tools to help tell your story.